Making Christmas Candles and Candle Making Tips

Candle making produces a product that is so popular and desired by so many people. Many people love to have them as decorative item, while others like to have them burning all the time. Perfumed candles are the most popular candles for home as they provide a long lasting aroma.

This is not an expensive hobby to set up and the wax to make the candles is not really very costly either. If you use good quality fragrances you will find them a little more expensive initially, but as they are concentrated you do not use very much and they do have have a much better throw off perfume. If you are making candles to sell then I would definitely recommend you use the better quality fragrance because you will be looking for repeat business.

Prepare your molds well so that you candles do not look messy.

Do this step before you start melting your wax. Make sure the molds are clean with wicks in place, and ready for warming before you pour. Warm molds will prevent you from having ‘pour marks’ down the side of your molds.

Glass molds MUST be heated before being poured into. Put them into a cold oven and bring the temperature up to 150 degrees. At this temperature you should not have any problems with breaking glass. For safety sake, anyway, it is suggested that you use slightly thicker glass. Stay away from the very thin fragile glass because you don’t want them to break when they are burning.

Second pour of wax.

To prevent a drop in the top of your finished candles you will need to top up your candles (a second pour), when your wax in the mold is cool to touch. Heat the second pour of wax (making sure to give it a couple of minutes good stirring) to approximately 10 degrees hotter than your first pour, then top up your candles. If you do this, and your candles were left to get cool enough, the top should remain nice and flat after the second pour. But, if you do a second pour when the original wax is still too warm, the completed candle will have a nipple effect at the top.

It is important that when using colored wax that the second pour is done with some of the original wax or the color may not match.


It is possible to buy pre-tabbed and pre-waxed wicks, but it is up to you what you buy. Wicks are a very important part of candle making because of the burn factor. You will need to research this, especially if you are making more novelty candles. You will get plenty of help from a good supplier.

Flat Candle Base

If the base of your candle is not flat simply place it on a hot pan surface and melt it down so that it is flat.

Christmas Candles

For Christmas candles you can of course use red and green wax and you can also use decorations to dress up any candles that you make. If you buy long taper candles you can roll white candles in red or green and use them for the table. There are various ways to add gold or silver to your candles as well. When making your own candles you can layer Christmas decorations on the outside of the candle. Just make sure that when you are using any decorations that they will not cause a fire hazard.

Kaye Dennan has spent many years as a craft teacher and has written an ebook on candle making which is absolutely loaded with ‘must do’ tips. The ebook takes you from your very first thought right through to a finished product. There are also some beginner projects to help you start. Candle Making – Start with Confidence can be purchased at

Horse Riding Tips – Safety

Whether you are a beginner or a seasoned rider, there are many horse riding tips everyone should keep in mind. When coaching students, safety is always of prime consideration. Accidents occur both in the stable and while riding but, by following some safety tips, your time with your horse will be much happier.

There are many elements to consider when making an outing with a horse as safe as possible. The most important horse riding tip is to be sure the horse and rider are a good match. If you are going to ride a horse you have not ridden before, you must be certain that your level of experience is appropriate to the temperament and training of the horse. Otherwise, communication between the two of you will be muddled and the possibility of an accident heightened. Even with a good pairing, the rider needs to be horse savvy. There are many lines of communication between the horse and rider. Your voice, hands, seat, and legs are all methods of letting the horse know your wishes. The horse uses his body language, expression, and responsiveness to let you know if the communications are being understood.

Another important horse riding tip is to plan to have a safe ride. You should always be properly attired, including wearing a good boot with heel and a helmet that fits. Often people ignore the helmet because of discomforts, such as headaches from improper sizing, but helmets should never be an optional piece of riding equipment. Also, be certain that your tack is in proper order with no frayed stitching or cracked leather. Size is just as important for the horse as it is for the rider so check that it does not pinch the horse’s back. Finally, consider where you plan to ride. If you are riding in an arena, the environment is much more controlled. Your horse is not as likely to step in a hole or trip as he would on a trail over uneven ground. When riding out, whether in a field or along a trail, always ride with someone. Never go out alone and be certain that someone at the stable is aware of your plans.

Once the ride is underway, continue to keep safety in the forefront of your mind. As you ride, give space to other riders. In the arena, if overtaking someone, let the rider ahead of you know of your plans to pass and leave a safety margin between your horses. When out on the trail, always leave a full horse length or two between each horse so that no one feels crowded or could be easily kicked. The most important horse riding tip for group rides is to keep your activity level suitable for every horse and rider in your group. If you have a novice horse or green rider along, remember they are not comfortable or safe when over-faced, that is, they have not performed a certain movement previously. Choose activities that are appropriate for their current skill level. Only ask when horse and rider have practiced the movement.

By sharing these horse riding tips with your friends, your group should have a safe and happy experience with your horses. No amount of planning can prevent every accident, but by being aware of these tips when you are horse riding, you and your horse will have a much safer and happier relationship and the risk of injury will be greatly diminished. Finally, if you ride other peoples’ horses take out insurance cover. Be wise be insured.

Sean Prenderville is a retired Accountant and Horse Riding Instructor. Since my retirement I have devoted all of my spare time to horses and horse riding. I have over forty years experience of riding and teaching. For more information please visit

Work to Flirt Dress – Ending the Dating Woes

The fear of being turned down at the very first sight, only because of the formal outfits one sports, though unwillingly, at the date table, may soon get a sweet farewell.

The newly designed bi-functional dress will ensure that the tight schedule will not take any toll of one’s sweet evenings. Interestingly, it is a brainchild of famous networking site;

Much to the amazement, they have named it: “Work to Flirt dress.” As the name suggests, it is set to bring an end to the post-work hazardous run towards home to wear the sexy outfits suitable for dating.

Rather, some simple steps like : revealing the hidden buttons or tying extra strings to it will give it a much sensuous and different look.

This fashion innovation has provided enough relief to the working women, who are reluctant to go on a date in formals. They are right too because a suitable and exciting dress can do wonders on the date tables.

A survey conducted by cites that more than 33% singles admitted to avoid their dates because they did not find their official apparel suitable for the dates.

A prospective dater, when it comes evening, can change her work dress into a fashionable and sexy apparel. She needs to do only things like opening up a reversible belt which will give a short split skirt.

Adding to it, this dress may provide some glimpses of the back of the wearer too. Wonderfully, it is claimed to be one of the best versions of two-in-one’s of any kind.

The Hard Facts About Natural Men Skin Care Products

Looking for men skin care products or natural skin care for men? Here’s a word of caution. There are some naturally occurring compounds that are not safe. Let me tell you about a few of them.

Organic compounds, such as benzophenone and oxybenzone, are commonly used as sunscreens. Even though researchers have shown that these compounds cause cancer in animals and humans, the cosmetic industry continues to use them.

Whether designed for women or men skin care products that are used on a daily basis should not even contain “possible” carcinogens, much less those that are “known” to cause cancer. You might think that natural skin care for men is completely safe, but, sadly, many products are not.

In fact, it is difficult to find natural skin care for men that do not contain oxybenzone, benzophenone or something similar. The industry still insists that the ingredients cannot do damage, because they do not penetrate the outer layers of the skin, despite mountains of research that indicate otherwise.

You should look for men skin care products that are “safe enough to eat”, because if you rub them all over your body everyday, you may as well be eating them. You should also look for fragrance free.

Even fragrances commonly found in natural skin care for men can cause itching, irritation and other allergic reactions. Some botanicals have a slight fragrance, and that’s not a problem, but concentrating the fragrance can be a problem, even rose petal concentrates cause allergic reactions in many people.

Sure, you want to smell good, but use a dab of cologne and buy fragrance free shampoo, body wash, shaving cream and lotion. For after shave, you should look for men skin care products that contain witch hazel. Witch hazel extract is renowned for its ability to soothe scrapes and nicks. It has antibacterial, antiseptic and antioxidant activity. All of this has been shown in the laboratory. It has a long history of safe and effective use. For a shaving lubricant, grape seed oil is just as effective as anything else. You can find it in gourmet food stores or order lotions that contain it.

Actually, if you want the best natural skin care for men, you should always look for ones that contain grape seed oil or extract. Not only is it an effective lubricant, it naturally moisturizes and creates a light film that prevents moisture loss. Your face will feel soft and smooth throughout the day.

One more word of advice; just because a product is categorized as “hypo-allergenic” does not mean that it is completely free of allergens. It simply means that the manufacturer uses “less” allergens than they do in their “regular” products.

You want fragrance-free and preservative free. You don’t want sunscreen compounds in products that you use every day. For sunburn protection, you want zinc oxide.

You want your men skin care products, which are to be used on your face, to contain grape seed oil and witch hazel. It may be harder to find them, but your face and health are worth it.

Fragrance – Is it Heaven Scent?

These days, the vast majority of men and women consider a quick squirt of their favourite perfume or aftershave an intrinsic part of their morning ritual. You could argue that the criteria for the scent you wear each day should purely be based around the smell that you, yourself, find most pleasing; but the marketing of fragrances means that they are considered a key tool in alluring a partner and therefore at either a conscious or sub-conscious level we are all buying fragrances that we hope will please others too.

So, from this can we deduce that fragrances were developed to assist in our mating rituals? Actually no – the history of perfume actually has more spiritual roots, originally created for religious purposes to honour the gods. It is recorded that ancient civilisations dating as far back as 7000 years ago were using fragrance as part of their offerings to their countless deities. Fires were created, to which were added a fragrant ‘pot pourri’ of aromatic wood, incense, gum resins, herbs and spices and people walked through the smoke to wear the perfume. In fact, the word perfume stems from the Latin term per fumum, meaning “through smoke”.

It was from these origins that the concept of perfume arose, with techniques for extracting and preserving fragrances through boiling, pressing, drying, distillation and even blending with fats practised throughout the ancient world. However it was not until Roman monks discovered the distillation of alcohol that perfume production, in the true sense of the word, became possible.

The multi-million pound industry that we know today perhaps began its journey in earnest in the 18th century, with the establishment of a number of perfume houses. Techniques were improved and the “juices” as perfumers called their products became more sophisticated, and throughout the ages women have loved perfume including many famous women of our times.

At one time fragrance was a luxury for royalty; in 800BC, The Queen of Sheba used perfume to seduce King Solomon. Catherine de Medici – future wife of Henry II – bought her own perfumer with her as part of her entourage when she came to Britain, and she even established a perfume laboratory in Provence! Queen Elizabeth I was famous for her love of perfume; her clothes, gloves and shoes were steeped in the fragrance from damask roses and even the rooms of her palaces were sprinkled with scent.

Perhaps these historical women were the forerunners of today’s celebrities whose names are now closely associated with fragrance – albeit for more commercial reasons! Kylie, J Lo, Sarah Jessica Parker, Sean Paul and even Jade Goody have all placed their monikers on a bottle of scent! In fact, it could be argued that in today’s culture there are some who see celebrity as an almost ‘god-like’ status, so perhaps we haven’t come that far from the religious roots of perfume all those thousands of years ago.

Signs of a Cheating Husband – 10 Very Revealing Questions You Must Ask Yourself About His Appearance

Signs of a cheating husband show up in many different places. One of the most common ways you can detect if your husband is cheating is by keeping a careful eye on his appearance.

If your husband is having an affair he will want to look more attractive and will start taking measures to improve his appearance. If all of a sudden you notice that he is making much more of an effort to do this than he was before you need to find out whether he’s doing it for you or someone else.

Here’s what you need to ask yourself about his appearance: Continue reading

Signs Of A Cheating Wife – 10 Sure Shot Ways To Discover Whether She’s Playing Around

Signs of a cheating wife are subtly different to those of a cheating husband. Statistics tell us that 50% of men who think their partner is cheating are right.

If you suspect your wife might be cheating on you behind your back here are 10 signs that you need to look out for:

1. She pays more attention to her appearance. This could be with her changing her hairstyle, changing her perfume, taking more time doing her hair and nails, or buying new clothes.

2. She makes a conscious effort to lose weight. This might also involve her joining an exercise or yoga class.

3. She spends more time ‘out with the girls’ or having a drink after work.

4. She takes up a new activity such as enrolling on a course or an evening class.

5. She buys you little gifts. This could be a way to keep you off the scent or just because she’s feeling guilty.

6. You notice a difference in your sex life (better, worse or just different).

7. You detect smells of aftershave on her clothes which is different to the type you use.

8. She gets more private when taking phone calls, either by going into a different room to speak or leaving the house soon after the phone rings.

9. She starts receiving suspicious voicemail messages, or you notice new cell phone numbers stored and dialed.

10. She spends more time online than before.

These signs of a cheating wife may not mean anything in isolation, but if you notice a number of them happening you should take them as a warning sign that there’s probably something going on.

If that’s the case, here’s what you must do next…

Sign up straight away for our free reports Tell Tale Signs That Your Partner Might Be Lying To You and How To Cope When You Discover Your Partner’s Affair which are part of our free 8 part mini series on Surviving infidelity in your relationship or marriage.

Doug and Chris Young are Relationship Coaches who really can walk the talk, having survived infidelity in their own marriage and come out of it much stronger

The Draft Horse – A Great Friend

Equine evolution was characterized by a reduction in the number of toes, from five per foot, to three per foot, to only one toe per foot . Austria is known worldwide for its Lipizzaner horses, used for dressage and high school work in the famous Spanish Riding School in Vienna. Horses are oriented to be ridden or driven in a mass of different sporting events and competitions.

A number of equine breeds are used as draft horses with the variation being largely geographic. Draft horses are recognizable by their tall stature and extremely muscular build. Additionally, they are general for crossing to lighter breeds, especially the Thoroughbred, to create a good-minded sport equine for amateurs. Draught horses are versatile breeds used today for a multitude of purposes, including draft equine showing, farming, and for pleasure, but all share the traits of strength, stamina, health, longevity, patience and a docile temperament which made them indispensable to generations of pre-industrial farmers.

They tend to have short backs with very powerful hindquarters, again best suited for the purpose of pulling. They are also by and large used for cross-breeding, especially to breeds such as the Thoroughbred. These Shire horses are used to pull a Wadworth Brewery dray delivering beer to pubs in the Devizes area of Wiltshire, England. Today, draft horses are again valued as riding horses thanks to their temperament and stamina. The draught equine declined in economic importance following the end of the Second World War, and in the latter half of the twentieth century even the most well-known of the heavy breeds were on the verge of disappearing.

The vast majority of horses used in harness racing are of yet another breed, the Standardbred. They are used in carriage driving activities, pulling coaches, traditional and modern carriages, marathon vehicles, carts and gigs etc.

What Are the Essential Last Minute Skin Care Products You Need to Have?

Men and women nowadays are more knowledgeable and careful in choosing the best skin care products for them. They have been well-informed by the help of media, the television and the internet as well.

We have been very conscious of how we look and how healthy our skin is. Before, only women are considered vain but time made men somewhat conscious of their skin and how they present themselves in front of other people. Men are more fortunate over women in terms of their skin. Men’s skin is at least 20% thicker than that of women’s (technically speaking). They enjoy the benefit of getting fewer wrinkles than women, that’s why men tend to look younger through the years more than women do. Today, there had been more and more skin care products specifically made for men. Some men think that skin care is a girl thing though. On the other hand, men should be equally aware of how their care for their skin as women.

Attention, all men out there or women who cares for their men: here are some must-haves for men for a better and healthier skin:

1. Use Sunscreen. Exposure to the sun certainly is healthy but an overdose of which may cause burns, early aging and even cancer. An ample amount of sunscreen before you go out would do the job.

2. Cleansers. Keeping the skin clean, dead skin-free and free of oil also makes your skin free from acne and irritations. For men with oily and sensitive skin, special cleansers may be needed, although most men opt for the simple soap.

3. Retinoid. Using retinoid helps keep your pores unclogged and it may even help out with skin aged by excessive sun exposure.

4. Use Razors. Razors nowadays have 3 or more blades which when used shave away all the dead skin cells from your face. For some though, these razors may cause ingrown hair which is unsightly on your face. In this case, use of electric shavers may be considered.

5. Aftershave. Use of aftershave is essential to men. The best aftershave is the one that has no alcohol content as it dries off your skin. Choose those with disinfectants and moisturizers to keep skin soft and smooth and prevent you from having blackheads or ingrown hair.

For women, there are a lot of products to choose from, considering everything from price range to the effectiveness of the product. Here are some suggestions which you might want to consider:

Face Cleansers. Cetaphil is one product most dermatologists recommend because it has no harmful chemicals, fragrance that irritates the skin. If you are looking for something with shea butter, try Clarins Gentle Foaming Cleanser. It leaves your skin clean and moisturized. For oily skin, Purpose Gentle Cleansing Wash is for you as this is soap and oil-free. You may also try Clinique Wash-Away Gel Cleanser and Lancôme Clarifiance Oil-Free Gel Cleanser. I you have normal to combination skin; try Dove Essential Nutrients Self-Foaming Cleanser. It combats oil and removes dead skin cells. For aromatherapy lovers; Bloom Facial Cleaners is for you. It has the scent of lavender and grapefruit oils. For sensitive skin; on a tight budget; Avon Clear Skin Foaming Cleanser is best or the Aveda All-Sensitive Cleanser. Blemished skin? Neutrogena Pore-Refining Cleanser is for you, it does not dry your skin. If budget is not a problem, try Murad Acne Kit. It has a cleanser, a pore-cleansing gel, an exfoliating lotion and a spot treatment.

Moisturizers. Moisturizers when applied should feel smooth, smell and feel good. It should not be irritating and you should not feel any burning sensation when applied. If you have dry skin, look for the presence of glycerin, dimethicone and hyaluronic acid in your moisturizer. Dove Sensitive Essential Day Lotion is very light and is free from dyes and fragrances. For those who want natural ingredients, try Lancôme Absolute Night Treatment. It contains sea algae, soy and wild yam extract. Crème de la Mer is the best in this category. If you have oily skin, look for a moisturizer that is oil-free not non-pore clogging. Some products in this category include: Olay Complete All Day Moisture Lotion UV Defense Combination/Oily, Neutrogena Oil-Free Moisturizer SPF 15, and Lorac Oil-Free Moisturizer. For those who have normal/combination skin, a gel type is best like the Aveeno Positively Smooth facial Moisturizer and the Clarins Hydration-Plus Moisture Lotion SPF 15.

So, before buying any kind of beauty product; first, know your skin type then remember all the harmful ingredients you should look out for.